Dr. Amin Javer, MD, FRCSC, FARS, discusses balloon sinuplasty.
Dr. Amin Javer, MD, FRCSC, FARS, discusses sinusitis prognosis and surgery.
Dr. Amin Javer, MD, FRCSC, FARS, discusses What is Chronic Sinusitis?

What is Local Otolaryngologist Physician

A local otolaryngologist physician is an ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist. If you have a problem with your head or neck, your local family physician may refer you to an otolaryngologist physician. Some of the problems a local otolaryngologist physician may treat include ear infections, hearing loss, sleep apnea, migraines, facial abnormalities, allergies, sinusitis and unusual growths. Some patients may require ENT surgery for the head or neck, while others may need medication or lifestyle changes to treat their condition. 

One of the conditions an otolaryngologist physician may treat is sinus infections. Healthy sinuses are filled with air. When the tissues lining the sinuses become swollen, inflamed, blocked and filled with fluid, a sinus infection can occur. Sinus infections are very common.

Types of Sinus Infections

There are four different types of sinusitis:

• Acute sinusitis. Symptoms are similar to cold symptoms, but can last 2-4 weeks. 
• Subacute sinusitis. Lasts longer than acute sinusitis (4 to 12 weeks). 
• Chronic sinusitis. Your symptoms last more than 12 weeks. 
• Recurrent sinusitis. You get sinus infections several times a year. 

Causes of sinusitis include:

The common cold 
• A deviated septum 
Smoking 
• Medications that suppress the immune system 
• Chemical irritation 
• Nasal polyps (growths in the lining of the nose) 
• Allergic rhinitis 

Symptoms & Treatment of Sinus Infections

It’s important to see your primary healthcare provider if you think you might have sinusitis, especially because sinus infection symptoms can be similar to those of a cold. Chronic sinusitis symptoms include:

• Runny or stuffy nose 
• Green nasal discharge 
• Fever 
• Facial tenderness or headache 
Cough 

Sinusitis treatment depends on the type and severity of the sinus infection. If you have bacterial sinusitis, your physician will usually prescribe antibiotics. In many cases, your local family physician will recommend you use a decongestant, saline nasal washes and over-the-counter (OTC) medications. Sinus surgery is reserved for patients who have failed maximum medical management. Currently the gold standard for treating sinuses is computer-assisted sinus surgery - called functional sinus surgery or functional endoscopic sinus surgery.

Using a head frame, the surgeon can track his or her instruments on a three-dimensional CT scan in real-time, so they can see exactly where they are in the patient's head to an accuracy of less than one millimeter. Because the surgeon is working very close to the eyes, optic nerves, brain and pituitary gland, he or she will work in a box that is an inch and a half by an inch space, spending three or four hours cleaning out the areas, flushing the sinuses, getting the disease out and getting the drainage pathways open to restore function.

Dr. Gary Linkov

Dr. Gary Linkov

Otolaryngologist
New York, NY
Dr. Alan Tang

Dr. Alan Tang

Otolaryngologist
Welland,
Dr. Marvin Nussbaum

Dr. Marvin Nussbaum

Otolaryngologist
Welland, ON
Dr. Helen Caetano

Dr. Helen Caetano

Otolaryngologist
Niagara Falls, ON
Dr. Sushma Amin

Dr. Sushma Amin

Otolaryngologist
St Catharines, ON
Dr. Jeff Robichaud

Dr. Jeff Robichaud

Otolaryngologist
St Catharines, ON
Dr. Shirley Lo

Dr. Shirley Lo

Otolaryngologist
St Catharines, ON
Dr. Elizabeth Jeney

Dr. Elizabeth Jeney

Otolaryngologist
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Diane Reid

Dr. Diane Reid

Otolaryngologist
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Irene Zhang

Dr. Irene Zhang

Otolaryngologist
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Jonathan MacLean

Dr. Jonathan MacLean

Otolaryngologist
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Donald Robertson

Dr. Donald Robertson

Otolaryngologist
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Joseph Kearns

Dr. Joseph Kearns

Otolaryngologist
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Michael Gupta

Dr. Michael Gupta

Otolaryngologist
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Doron Sommer

Dr. Doron Sommer

Otolaryngologist
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Bernard Jackson

Dr. Bernard Jackson

Otolaryngologist
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Jason Archibald

Dr. Jason Archibald

Otolaryngologist
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Jaroslav Grabec

Dr. Jaroslav Grabec

Otolaryngologist
Hamilton, ON
Dr. Allen Lam

Dr. Allen Lam

Otolaryngologist
Brantford, ON
Dr. Sunny Korman

Dr. Sunny Korman

Otolaryngologist
Hamilton, ON
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